Buddha’s Daily Diet of One Hemp Seed
ANCIENT CANNABIS CULTURE – I typically get asked concerning Buddha’s one hemp seed each day diet. This tradition is derived back to variety of ancient sources”. within the Text and statement of the Memorial of Sakya Buddha Tathagata, by Wong Puh (Translated from the Chinese by the Rev. S. Beal.) that appeared within the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of nice GB|kingdom} and Ireland, Volume 20, (1863), a parallel is drawn between the seventh century AD Chinese Buddhist text the Memorial of Sakya Buddha Tathagata, that could be a story of the lifetime of Buddha, and also the third century AD Indian account of Buddha, Lalita Vistara (Sanskrit), by Dharmarakcha, (308 AD). The Memorial of Sakya Buddha Tathagata, contains the passage, “He Greek deity grain and hemp seed, subduing pain, subduing pleasure.” In relevancy this text, Rev. Spence Hardy noted that:
“There isn't any lifetime of Gotama Buddha, by any native author, nonetheless discovered, that's free from the extravagant pretensions with that his history has been therefore for the most part invested; from that we tend to could infer that the records currently living were all ready long when his look during this world. The Chinese work, of that the subsequent could be a translation, was written concerning the center of the seventh century when Christ. we tend to learn from “The History of the Sung Dynasty” that there was constant intercourse between China and Ceylon at now, in addition as in a lot of earlier periods. The pilgrims from China were conversant in take from the island relics, extracts from the sacred books, and models of the foremost celebrated pictures of Buddha. We are, therefore, ready to get a similarity between the legendary records of India and China.” (Hardy, 1863)
In relevance the Hemp-seed reference within the Chinese work, the subsequent earlier verse from third century AD Indian text, the Lalita Vistara was cited as a probable source:
“The aristocrat returning to the Ka-ye (Gaya) mountain, to the Ni-h’n (Nairanjana) stream, reflected, considering that, as he meant to penetrate to the key influences that actuate the conduct of men, he might, when six years, be in an exceedingly position to save lots of them. therefore he addressed himself to the observe of austerities (Dushkaracharya), every day uptake one grain of hemp, one grain of rice; by this implies reducing himself to a condition of overcoming all pleasure. Afterwards, perceiving that this wasn't truth method, he pursued the contrary methodology, mistreatment indulgencies, bathing, perfuming himself, so on; by these means that he subdued sorrow” (as the text says).
The Lalita Vistara will mention “indulgences” to subdue sorrow, that unveil some potentialities of intoxication, however a obscure reference from a text thought to be composed some eight centuries when the lifetime of Buddha, is sadly a weak piece of proof to create any case. However, within the a lot of later Buddhist text the Tārātantra, cannabis is delineate as being essential to religious “ecstasy”. The author of the medieval text, Taranatha records Siddhartha spoken communication that drinking wine while not conjointly having consumed cannabis “cannot manufacture real ecstasy”, that was seen as a polar step achieve enlightenment (Maitra, 1983; White, 1996). Ofcourse tho', it ought to be noted that the Tārātantra could be a comparatively minor text, composed 2 millennia when the lifetime of Buddha, (1600) and it's not exerted a lot of influence on the Buddhist faith.
Other medieval Buddhist references have conjointly been noted. “Over the previous couple of decades, university spiritual studies departments have made translations of Buddhist Tantric texts of unexampled quality, providing ample material for associate examination of mind-altering plant use by Buddhists in Asia” (Parker & lx, 2008).
“There are many reasons to appear to tantra for drug use in pre-modern Buddhist Asia. the primary and most significant is that non-tantric monastic Buddhism is much less tolerant of violations of scriptural precepts than Tantric Buddhism. Buddha’s injunction against intense intoxicants precludes the open use of mind-altering substances by members of the Buddhist monastic institution. In distinction, Tantric Buddhism will provide, and even applaud, surprising transgressions as a symbol that the yogi has transcended normal patterns of valuation and behavior.”” (Parker & lx, 2008)
In there well researched essay, mind-altering Plants in Tantric Buddhism; Cannabis and genus Datura Use in Indo-Tibetan kabbalistic Buddhism, researchers Parker and lx determine references to cannabis, genus Datura and different mind-altering plants in medieval Buddhist Tantric texts resembling the Mahākāla Tantra, wherever the “plants ar used to achieve health, wealth, wisdom, and supernatural powers resembling seeing underground and flying” (Parker & lx, 2008).
“These formulas embrace cannabis in many completely different forms, as well as leaves, resin, and different material. as long as these cannabis product ar enclosed within the “perfect medicine’ formulas of the Mahākāla Tantra, cannabis can be thought of a major a part of this Tantric lineage.” (Parker & lx, 2008).
The Cakrasamvara Tantra conjointly identifies a magico-medical role for cannabis and genus Datura, recording that a combination of compounds as well as cannabis can facilitate one “become a yogin UN agency will what he pleases and stays anyplace some.” Although, just like the Tārātantra, the Mahākāla Tantra and also the Cakrasamvara Tantra, will by no means that be thought of thought Buddhist texts, and have had restricted impact on fashionable Buddhist traditions. Even at its peak, from concerning 700-900 AD, run out a millennia when the lifetime of Buddha, medieval Tantric Buddhism was a fringe tradition, practiced by laypersons and not ordained Buddhist monks or nuns (Parker & lx, 2008). Thus, these medieval Tantric Buddhist references to cannabis, seemingly provide indications of later influences on Buddhism from the spiritual and cultural surroundings that was medieval India, resembling devotees of Shiva, UN agency used hemp in a uniform thanks to accomplish “ecstasy”, instead of being thought to be actual edicts from Buddha